The conference on ‘Sustainability in Architectural Design and Urbanism” is a forum of routine scientific discussion which has been held for more than ten years by Doctoral Program of Architecture and Urbanism, Department of Architecture, Faculty of Engineering of Diponegoro University. In this occasion, we would like to promote this event up global scale by facilitate a forum to share and discuss scientific ideas and thoughts and best practices from researchers, academia, practicioners, governments, students from around the world.
Resiliency has been the issue in 21st century regarding urbanism & architecture (Trogal & Petroscue, 2015). Today, 54 per cent of the world’s population lives in urban areas, a proportion that is expected to increase to 66 per cent by 2050 (UN, 2014) and the result of over population is environmental degradation. Climate change and the emergence of the hazards have became also major problems in human habitation on earth. The consequences of such problems are inevitable. The idea of resilience can be defined as the ability of a system, community, or society exposed to hazards to resist, absorb, adapt, and recover from the effects of a hazard in a timely and efficient manner (UNISDR, 2011).
Rockefeller Foundation (2013) categorized Semarang, Jakarta, Seoul, Tokyo, Kyoto are few cities categorized as “Resilient Cities” among the 100 other cities in the world. These cities have been resilient to natural disasters. Therefore, urban development is directed towards resilience city that are not only well-prepared but also more liveable.
Resilient design is defined as “the intentional design of buildings, landscapes, communities, and regions in response to vulnerabilities to disaster and disruption of normal life” (Resilient Institute). The issue of resilient designs has become a trending topic in this decade because of frequently occurring natural disasters such as Sandy or Katrina hurricane, Haiyan typhoon in Filipina, tsunami in Aceh, floods in China and some others.
Some communities have launched design innovations as a solution that pays attention to the environment. The examples of these innovations are design of earthquake-resistant houses, LEED (Leadership of Energy in Environmental Design), and low or non-VOC (volatile organic compounds) paint known environmentally friendly. However, all of them are often useless when the hazards have already been clear and present. Based on the aforementioned facts, it is necessary to remind designers to think carefully and endeavor in providing solutions in the form of a design that can make a building and its surroundings more comfortable and safer and also can last longer when exposed upcoming risks.